USA Partial Shutdown Of The Government


The government ends its activities when discretionary federal discretionary programs are closed. The president must do this when the Congress does not allocate funds. In the normal budgetary process, the Congress allocates funds before September 30 for the next fiscal year. If this does not happen, Congress will adopt a resolution of ongoing funding. If Congress cannot reach an agreement, it forces a halt. This indicates a complete breakdown of the budget process.

In the United States, the government stands still when Congress fails to skip sufficient payment accounts or resolutions to fund federal government activities and agencies, or the president refuses to promote such bills or resolutions. In such cases, the current interpretation of the anti-deficiency law requires the federal government to start "stopping" the relevant activities about non-essential personnel leave and the reduction of agency activities and services.

The partial United States government shutdown in October affected about one-third of all public services, including the justice system. Due to the stalemate between President Barack Obama and the Republican leadership, federal courts announced that they would be delaying civil cases, which caused a tremendous concern amongst legal professionals.


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Libyan Crisis, Follow Up

Author: M. Iqbal Qasim.

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In 2011, when the Arab Springs protests broke out, it led to the First Libyan Civil War, alongside the death of the Muhammad Gaddafi and backed up by the foreign military meddling. The aftermath of the war and the leading of armed forces into groups led to further violation and instability across the whole country, this stated the entrance of the Libya into the Second Civil War, the Second Libyan Civil War in 2014. Right after the start of these civil wars, a thousand of casualties were reported, and a the economical oil industry collapsed to a very small level. In the African region, Libya was known to have biggest oil reserves. 

Events Occurred in the Crisis:

The 17th February Revolution:

The Libyan crisis date back to the early 2011, when the people of Libya decided to arise peacefully against the military dictatorship and demand their right of democracy to save their upcoming generations from the poverty they had been facing from decades. On 27 February 2011, by the name of National Transitional Council, Anti-Gaddafi forced groups were formed which aimed to act as the interim authority among the both sides. After the government rolled back with their power, a lot of casualties occurred again which forced the NATO by a multi-coalition to intervene on 21 March 2011. Shortly thereafter, the International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant against Gaddafi and his entourage on 27 June 2011. Gaddafi was ousted from power in the wake of the fall of Tripoli to the rebel forces on 20 August 2011, although pockets of resistance held by forces loyal to Gaddafi's government held out for another two months, especially in Gaddafi's hometown of Sirte, which he declared the new capital of Libya on 1 September 2011. His Jamahiriya regime came to an end the following month, culminating on 20 October 2011 with Sirte's capture, NATO airstrikes against Gaddafi's escape convoy, and his killing by rebel fighters.

Libya 1Picture:Protesters have taken control of several key cities across Libya, but government forces appear to be fighting back


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